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About the project collects, evaluates, and publishes high-quality argument reconstructions.

Learning how to argue seeks to facilitate learning and to support teaching of argument analysis. This is based on the assumption that one can only increase one's ability to understand arguments by discussing a number of exemplary reconstructions and even more so by attempting to produce such reconstructions oneself. See also our FAQ arguments and argument analysis.

Open access

The reconstructions of various levels of difficulty are published under a Creative Commons Lizenz (CC BY-NC) and can thus be used free of charge for educational purposes – be it by teaching staff at schools or universities or by students at such institutions. Please make sure, however, to include a complete citation.

Wide range of topics

There is no restriction as far as the topics of the arguments go that are published on; as it stands, however, most of the arguments currently analysed here come from philosophical texts. In terms of methods, takes into account the diversity of theoretical approaches to arguments and presents both informal reconstructions as well as strictly formal analyses.


You cannot find a particular argument?

Submit an argument for analysis! (Please include the relevant text passage in your submission.) → contact

You have reconstructed an argument?

Submit your argument reconstruction for publication! (Please do so, preferably, via our Online-Form; alternatively, you may use the Markdown-Template or Word-Template which contain detailed submission instructions.) → contact


Board of Editors: Gregor Betz, Georg Brun, Sonja Deppe, David Lanius, David Löwenstein, Tobias Martin, Jonas Pfister, Niko Strobach, Alexandra Zinke.

Managing Editors: Gregor Betz und Jonas Pfister.

Inspired by Just the Arguments. 100 of the Most Important Arguments in Western Philosophy (ed. by Michael Bruce and Steven Barbone, Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011), the idea for originated at the DFG Research Network „Argumentieren in der Schule“ ("Arguing at School"), where it is still discussed and further improved.


For submissions: Online-Form and

For suggestions and further questions: